Circular Import Nightmare How to resolve


I am relatively new to Django–but seem to pick it up fairly quickly.
I only have this one problem however that I cant resolve and I feel like the solution is right before my eyes, and I can’t seem to spot it.

It may sound elementary to you but I can’t figure this out.

Say in my I have a model–say Post, and a ReadingList model–so a person can create a Post reading list, if you will.

The Post model is written above the ReadingList model. I want the Post model to relate to the reading model but it does not relate it gives me a “Model not defined” error, you the one i’m talking about.

When I place the ReadingList model before the Post it works, but thats not what I need.

I need the Post model to relate to the ReadingList and the ReadingList to relate to Post at the same time so I can then display it in the users profile page.

This loop creates a circular import.

Now, is there another workaround to achieve this?

Or should I just give up Django all together?

I did read the docs about models, I understand how they work, but I can’t figure out how to properly relate all the models the way I want.

Are there other solution to achieve this?

Does this make sense at all? Do I confuse you?

Here is my file

class Post(models.Model):
	title = models.CharField(max_length=300,blank=True)
	title_original = models.CharField(max_length=300,blank=True)

	slug = models.SlugField(max_length=300,blank=True)
	authors = models.ManyToManyField(User, null=True,blank=True)

	featured_image = models.ImageField(upload_to='media/FEATURED_IMAGES/',blank=True)

	gallery_image_01 = models.ImageField(upload_to='media/FEATURED_IMAGES/',blank=True)
	gallery_image_02 = models.ImageField(upload_to='media/FEATURED_IMAGES/',blank=True)
	gallery_image_03 = models.ImageField(upload_to='media/FEATURED_IMAGES/',blank=True)
	gallery_image_04 = models.ImageField(upload_to='media/FEATURED_IMAGES/',blank=True)
	gallery_image_05 = models.ImageField(upload_to='media/FEATURED_IMAGES/',blank=True)
	gallery_image_06 = models.ImageField(upload_to='media/FEATURED_IMAGES/',blank=True)

	description = RichTextField(max_length=30000,blank=True)

	published_date = models.DateTimeField(auto_now_add=False, blank=True)

	def get_absolute_url(self):
		return reverse(‘blog:Post, args=[self.slug])

	def __str__(self):
		return self.title

class ReadingList(models.Model):
	user = models.ForeignKey(User,on_delete=models.CASCADE, null=True, blank=True)
	title = models.CharField(max_length=300,blank=True)
	slug = models.SlugField(max_length=300,blank=True)

	def get_absolute_url(self):
		return reverse(‘blog:reading_list', args=[self.slug])

	def __str__(self):
		return self.title

Now when I try to access the posts via the Post model in my view, it gives me an error because the ReadingList is not related to the Post, there is not ReadingList field in the Post model to filter, does it make sense??

Here is my file

You can see here how I try to access the reading list via the Post model in order to filter the posts, but cant, its not there, and I can’t relate it due to the error.

def reading_list(request,reading_list):  

	rl = get_object_or_404(ReadingList, slug=reading_list)

	# whats going on

	posts = Post.objects.filter()

	return render(request, ‘blog/reading_list.html',{

You’re not showing either of the foreign key fields for your two models, so it’s really tough to answer you in specifics.

However, in general, start with reading the docs and examples at

If the relationship is symmetrical, then you don’t need foreign keys in both models. What is the cardinality of the relationship between Post and ReadingList?


I am also very new to Django myself but I think I was pulling my hair out about this for a few days. My solution was to put some quotations around the model name, e.g.
changing: authors = models.ManyToManyField(User, null=True,blank=True)
To: authors = models.ManyToManyField(‘User,’ null=True,blank=True)