In this case the tutorials do that. Specifically, part 4 of the Django tutorial introduces the generic CBVs, which can be very useful in reducing repetitive code across views. As part of that, it also introduces the basic pattern of “ListView/DetailView” which can form the foundation of just about any typical app.
I believe the Django Girls tutorial goes into more depth into creating templates and styling them with css, making it a good complement to the standard Django tutorial.
I think between the two of them you’ll cover all the basics.
Once you get beyond that stage, there isn’t much that can be said outside the specifics of a particular application. The Two Scoops of Django book referenced above is an excellent resource, filled with all sorts of ideas and recommendations. However, they’re not rules so much as guidelines, ideas, and recommendations - always acknowledging that there are cases and situations where those guidelines don’t apply.
One of the problems is that there are some techniques and features whose purpose and usage may not be immediately apparent on first reading. You pretty much need to be in one of those situations asking yourself “I wonder if Django can do x” before having that a-ha moment and realizing that it’s precisely for that reason that feature x exists.